MIS 235 Final Exam Wednesday May 5, 2010
What Is an Information System?
Information System: group of components that interact to produce information. Includes hardware,
software, data, procedures, and people
What Is MIS?
Management Information Systems: development and use of information systems that help businesses
achieve their goals and objectives
Development and Use of Information Systems – business professionals need to take an
active role in IS to ensure that their systems meet their needs, understand how IT systems work,
consider users’ needs during development, learn how to employ IT systems, and take into account
security and back up
Achieving Business Goals and Objectives – MIS empowers users to achieve their
How Does IS Differ from IT?
IT includes hardware, software, and data.
Information technology refers to methods, inventions,
standards, and products; tools.
IT alone cannot help an organization achieve its goals.
IS makes IT
IS = IT + people and procedures
How Do Successful Business Professionals Use IS?
think creatively about problems, challenges, and opportunities, and think of ways to apply IT and
create innovative applications using emerging (new) technologies
find ways to gain a competitive advantage with information systems
What New Opportunities for IS Are Developing Today?
Two Opportunities, Right Now – data storage and transmission are virtually free so
revenue goes straight to the bottom line, benefits of automation
Moore’s Law – price performance ration of computers has fallen dramatically because of
Moore’s law which states that the speed of a computer chip increased in proportion to the density
of the transistors, density doubles, speed doubles
Dramatic Reduction in Price/Performance Ratio – ex: computers are smaller and less
What Is Your Role in IS Security?
Strong Passwords – 7 or more characters, do not use your real name or company name,
do not use a complete dictionary word, use a unique password each time, use upper and lower
case and symbols
Password Etiquette – never write it down and don’t share it with others
How Did This Stuff Get Here?
Business processes should be an integrated process that work to obtain payments, produce raw materials
and other resources, cover costs, and make a profit
What Is a Business Process?
Business Process: network of activities, resources, facilities, and information that interact to achieve some
What Are the Components of a Business Process?
Resources: an item with value; such as customers or suppliers; inputs. IT/IS can be a resource