Exam_1 SG - Weeks 1-2: Worldview- A way or perceiving...

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Weeks 1-2: Worldview- A way or perceiving reality that includes basic assumptions about the self, others, nature, space, and time. Environment - Circumstances and conditions that surround organisms Interrelatedness among environmental issues Frequency distribution (X axis = categories of some result, Y axis = number of times the result was found) Scientific method - Ask Questions Do Research Form Hypothesis Experiment Draw Conclusion Treatment Hypothesis - Proposed explanation for an observable phenomenon Replication Theory - Widely confirmed scientific idea, supported by a large body of work Broad St pump - The source of a 1854 cholera outbreak around Broad Street in London. John Snow was responsible for identifying the pump as the source; cited germs as the reason-studied water under microscope. Seepage from a cesspool located 3 feet from the well was the cause. Louis Pastuer - Regarded as one of the 3 founders of microbiology—Breakthroughs in causes/preventions of disease--immunizations Spontaneous generation - A Theory proposed by Aristotle which claims that life arouse spontaneously from inanimate matter. Was disproven by Louis Pastuer Fertility rate - Number of children/female… TFR of world is half of what it was 50 years ago Population growth - (Births-Deaths)/time … Currently 2.3 people/sec (4.3 born/sec-2 die/sec) Demographic transition - A model used to show how countries with high birth rates/low death rates move to low birth rates/high death rates as part of the economic development of a country from pre- industrial to industrial. Ecological footprint - A measure of human demand on the Earth’s ecosystems. Compares human demand with the Earth’s ability to regenerate. Currently footprint is 1.2 earths, if everyone on earth had the average footprint of an American the footprint would be at 5.1 earths. Resource - Sustainable use Commons - Public resources available/used for private gains
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Tragedy of the commons- The "tragedy of the commons" is the situation in which individuals use a common resource for their own personal gain and degradation of the common resources results, leading to a decrease in yield for both the group and the individual. We can avoid tragedy by: - Privatize commons resources: free-market environmentalism -Improve public management of commons resources -Educate people about long-term consequences of management strategies What are two general means by which people can act collectively to change impacts on the environment? Walk to work or school instead of Drive. Turn off lights when you leave the house. Explain the dynamic nature of the scientific process. When data that are collected are consistent with a particular hypothesis, is that hypothesis proven or supported? Why? In which countries is population growth most rapid?
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course ZOO 121 at Miami University.

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Exam_1 SG - Weeks 1-2: Worldview- A way or perceiving...

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