Chapter 9 - against lying”. Describing how a universal...

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AD08 Emily Leung J. Moulton September 30 th , 2009 In Chapter 9 of James Rachels The Elements of moral Philosophy, Are There Absolute Moral Rules? states Immanuel Kant’s beliefs on philosophy. The premise of the argument was that lying is wrong under any circumstance. Rachels then summarized “Hypothetical Imperatives”, which is as follows: P1. You have a certain desire P2. You recognize a certain course. C. Therefore you follow the indicated plan. Also, Rachels mentioned the term “Categorical Imperative”. He expressed that “Categorical Imperative” is thinking of an action, and if there are any rules to follow for the specific action. If there is a rule, that equals the maxim. Then you must consider if you would want the rule to be a universal law. If yes, then the rule is acceptable and if not, then the rule is prohibited. Rachels then defends the argument by stating two reasons for “an absolute rule
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Unformatted text preview: against lying”. Describing how a universal law would not be successful was the first argument. Rachels explained that if there was a universal law for lying, then no one would believe each other because you cannot know when the person is telling the truth or not. The second argument for lying is that no one is certain of the consequences of each action; therefore lying should not be chosen because the consequences cannot be chosen. I thought Rachels summary of Kant’s work was very well stated. The arguments were clear and well thought out. I thought they were strong because the arguments against a universal law for lying were convincing, and it demonstrates how there cannot be a universal law for lying because no one would ever know if the truth is being told, thus it is not a ideal universal law for society today....
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Chapter 9 - against lying”. Describing how a universal...

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