PSYCH FINAL REVIEW - Personality stable patterns of thought...

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Personality – stable patterns of thought feeling motivation and behavior that are expressed in different circumstances -Identify how individuals differ from one another, esp. social situations Ego- rational goal directed, decision making Superego - parental voice, Id – illogical, associative, biological drives EGO Repression – anxiety evoking thoughts are kept unconscious, motivated forgetting Denial – person refused to recognize reality Displacement – person redirects an unacceptable thought or impulse form its actual target to a less threatening object or person Projection – people attribute their own unacceptable impulses to others Reaction formation – person converts an unacceptable impulse into the opposite Sublimation – person converts an unacceptable impulse into socially accepted one Rationalization – person explains away their actions to reduce anxiety Freud’s claims on personality are difficult or impossible to test Adler – motivation for success, superiority, and fulfillment - individual psych . – person as whole, rather than parts Humanistic personality – emphasize the notion that each person has a potential for creative growth and desire to assist persons in developing to their maximal potential Rogers person centered approach – humans are motivated by self actualization (achievement of ones full potential) and need to be loved Unconditional positive regard – complete, unqualified acceptance of another person Trait concepts are based on common sense notions about human characteristics Altruistic – accepting some cost or risk helping others Pluralistic ignorance – people say nothing and each person falsely assumes that everyone else has a better-informed opinion State – temporary activation of particular behavior Raymond Cattel argued 16 distinct trait factors Personality – Situation-by-situation basis learned Vicarious learning, imitation of role models Traits correlate with occupational success, social relationships, happiness, longevity The Big 5 – OCEAN Openness to experience – highest heritability, enjoy new experiences
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Conscientiousness – self discipline, strive for achievement Extroversion – dopamine left frontal cortex, seek stim. Enjy cmpy of others Agreeableness – lowest heritability , compassionate towards others Neuroticism – exper. Unpleasant emotions, amygdala right frontal cortex Barnum effect – people tend to accept any vague assessment of their personality Personality tests not good for making specific decisions No strong link has been found between attractive appearance and healthful genes Calmness and pain suppression brain activity in older couples
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PSYCH FINAL REVIEW - Personality stable patterns of thought...

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