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SPANISH 371—FINAL EXAM REVIEW GUIDE Lazarillo de Tormes La novella picaresca- literary genre with certain common characteristics in all related works, even though each work may differ in content. Some of the important ones are: *The hero is usually a man of low social status. *The work is usually narrated in the first person. *This type of autobiography usually begins during the childhood of the protagonist or picaro. *The picaro goes from one place to another, serving different masters along his journey. *A sense of social critique or denouncement is present in work. *The life of the picaro is a series of adventures. *The narration serves to justify a life without honor. *The narrated events are presented in a realistic fashion, not fantastic. They speak of a reality that the reader recognizes as possible and can associate with. El picaro- the protagonist of the novella picaresca. These are his most important characteristics: *Usually a young boy, even though occasionally a girl. *From an extremely humble, lowly background. *His present life is dishonorable and not any better than his past. *He serves various masters during his life. *He is astute and has a practical knowledge of life (especially of life on the street). *If the picaro’s social or material situation gets better, it’s only for a short period. *The adversities he faces in life give him a cynical personality. *He is usually a thief and gets along in life through delinquency and at the margin of society. *He hardly has morals. *The negative personality traits of the picaro are seen more in the novels after the Lazarillo de Tormes. Temas principales- el hambre, el honor y el anticlericalismo Prologue -Narrator thinks it is good to write down such stories because it may come to the attention of many people instead of being lost forever, with no one ever having gotten anything out of it. There is not book, no matter how bad it is, that doesn’t have something of value in it. What some people dislike, others may enjoy, and what some really like, others may detest. Nothing should be thrown away, but instead shown to everybody so that a few may get benefit out of it. The author goes on to explain how he will begin in his childhood so as to capture his whole story. *offers a few lessons in the book, one comical and another serious *the letter is written to an unknown “Vuestra Merced”, but also aimed at the public *purely Renaissance aspects: -Lazaro aspires for literary fame with his story -gives relevance to personal tastes (liberty of judgment)
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--------------------------------------- Tratado primero *Personajes principales: -Lazaro de Tormes: *The name Lazaro possesses special religious and folkloric connotations (I don’t know what these are). *His last name can be seen as a parody of the books of cabellerias and also of the desires
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