Mill - Utilitarianism Day 2 and 3

Mill - Utilitarianism Day 2 and 3 - Will Hodgkins Phil 112...

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Will Hodgkins Phil 112 SS1: 2011 Mill: Utilitarianism (Pg. 460) Background 1. Mill was influenced a lot by the enlightenment. a. Before Enlightenment: Leaders/Nobles were believed to have some sort of divine right. b. After: People wanted to discover for themselves what their moral law is. b.i. Individuals have some capacity for reason. 2. Mill is/was an empiricist a. Empiricists think that whatever knowledge we have is a result of one’s own experiences. b. Mill believed the Moral Law was similar to Natural Laws . Natural Laws are: b.i. Independent of us and they apply universally. (Also applies to moral laws.) b.ii. While we may have views about what they are we can also be wrong. (Also applies to moral laws.) b.iii. We can’t help but obey them. Argument: Actions are right when they promote the most possible happiness for the most number of people. Two components: - Theory of Value: Pleasure is the only thing that is good in itself and anything else that is good is good because of its relationship to pleasure.
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Mill - Utilitarianism Day 2 and 3 - Will Hodgkins Phil 112...

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