Lecture 16 - Lecture 16 Melodrama to Modern Drama Modernism...

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Lecture 16 - Melodrama to Modern Drama: Modernism in the theatre Four categories o Tragedy o Comedy o Melodrama o Farce Melodrama Well-Made Play (scribe) Realism (Ibsen) Naturalism (Zola) Expressionism (Strindberg) Comedy of Manners (Wilde) o The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) Victorian England Vocabulary o Comedy of Manners Verbal comedy Challenged the structure of a Well-Made play o Well-Made play Themes in conflict o Propriety o Industry o Seriousness o Status: Money and Class o Pleasure o Fun o Frivolity o Status: Freedom and Deserts Techniques used o Key technique: Inversion Conventional values and behaviors are treated as FARCE A trivial comedy for serious people We seem to be conforming to the rules of the day but there is an underlying topsy-turvy style that mocks it Comedy of Manners – real target of the play, illogical way that society is constructed Satirizes behavioral norms o Shows how irrational the rational world is
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