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04MythSept14 - Greek and Roman Myth Sept 14 2011 1 Outline...

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Greek and Roman Myth Sept. 14, 2011 1
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Outline Prometheus, Zeus, and mankind New Prometheus? Sacrifice, the gods, and mankind Pandora and mankind Ovid’s version of the beginning of the world Ages of man in Hesiod and Ovid 2
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3 Prometheus myth outline Creator and/or benefactor of mankind Arranged sacrifice to benefit man Stole back fire when hidden by Zeus Chained to a rock (liver-eating eagle) in retribution Pandora given as evil present to brother Epimetheus Prometheus freed (by Heracles)
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4 Does Zeus detect Prometheus' deception? This was Prometheus’ trick. But Zeus, eternally wise, Recognized the fraud and began to rumble in his heart Trouble for mortals, and it would be fulfilled. With both his hands he picked up the gleaming fat. Anger seethed in his lungs and bile rose to his heart When he saw the ox’s white bones artfully tricked out. And that is why the tribes of men on earth Burn white bones to the immortals upon smoking altars . Theogony 552-59
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5 Prometheus unbound, Hesiod's account And he bound Prometheus with ineluctable fetters, Painful bonds, and drove a shaft through his middle, And set a long-winged eagle on him that kept gnawing His undying liver, but whatever the long-winged bird Ate the whole day through, would all grow back by night. That bird the mighty son of pretty-ankled Alcmene, Heracles, killed, drove off the evil affliction From Iapetos’ son and freed him from his misery— Not without the will of Zeus, high lord of Olympos, So that the glory of Theban-born Heracles Might be greater than before on the plentiful earth. Theogony 523-33
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6 Atlas and Prometheus punished Laconian cup, 560-550 BC, Vatican Museums 16592
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7 Prometheus Bound Play by Aeschylus (525-456 BCE) In your tragedy collection: optional Describes Prometheus’ punishment Prometheus as sympathetic benefactor Vs. evil tyrant Zeus Ends with arrival of the eagle
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8 Prometheus enumerates his gifts to mortals.
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