Hrincevich_CH_8_student_outline

Hrincevich_CH_8_student_outline - How Cells Release Stored...

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Unformatted text preview: How Cells Release Stored Energy Chapter 8 Photo synthesizers get energy from the sun Animals get energy 2nd or 3rd hand from plants or other organisms Regardless, the energy is converted to the chemical bond energy of ATP ATP Is Universal Energy Source Making ATP Plants make ATP during photosynthesis Cells of all organisms Main Types of Energy-Releasing Pathways Aerobic pathways Evolved later Require Oxygen Start w/ glycolysis in cytoplasm Completed in mitochondria Anaerobic pathways Evolved first Dont require oxygen Start w/ glycolysis in cytoplasm Completed in cytoplasm Summary Equation for Aerobic Respiration C6H12O6+6O2 6CO2+6H2O Overview of Aerobic Respiration Glycolysis Electron Transfer Phosphorylation Krebs Cycle ATP ATP 2 CO2 4 CO2 2 32 water 2 NADH 8 NADH 2 FADH2 2 NADH 2 pyruvate e- + H+ e- + oxygen (2 ATP net) glucose Typical Energy Yield: 36 ATP e- e- + H+ e- + H+ ATP H+ e- + H+ ATP 2 4 * * * O2 H2O electron carriers Electron transport chain 4 CO2 C Krebs cycle 2 CO2 C C 2 acetyl CoA C C C C C C C glucose Glycolysis (cytoplasm) C C C 2 pyruvate 2 ATP 32 or 34 ATP ATP 2 Fermentation Cellular respiration ethanol CO2 2 C C + C 2 C C C lactate or 2 (mitochondrion) intermembrane compartment Overview of Aerobic Respiration The Role of Coenzymes Small molecules associated w/ an enzyme that participates in enzymatic catalysis NAD+, FAD, NAD, FADH2 are examples...
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course BIOL 1001 at LSU.

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Hrincevich_CH_8_student_outline - How Cells Release Stored...

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