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Chapter 7 - Chapter7 Learning Learning Learning relatively...

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Chapter 7 Learning
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Learning   Learning relatively  permanent  change in an  organism’s  behaviour due  to experience
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Association We learn by association Our minds naturally connect events that  occur in sequence Associative Learning learning that two events occur together two stimuli a response and its consequences
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Association Learning to  associate  two events Event 1 Event 2 Sea snail associates splash with a tail shock Seal learns to expect a snack for its showy antics
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Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning We learn  to  associate  two stimuli
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Operant Conditioning We learn to  associate a  response and  its  consequence
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Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov   1849-1936 Russian  physician/  neurophysiologist Nobel Prize in  1904 studied digestive  secretions
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Pavlov’s Classic Experiment Before Conditioning During Conditioning After Conditioning UCS (food in mouth) Neutral stimulus (tone) No salivation UCR (salivation) Neutral stimulus (tone) UCS (food in mouth) UCR (salivation) CS (tone) CR (salivation)
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Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s device  for recording  salivation
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Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning organism comes to associate two  stimuli a neutral stimulus that signals an  unconditioned stimulus begins to  produce a response that anticipates  and prepares for the unconditioned  stimulus
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Classical Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) stimulus that unconditionally--automatically  and naturally--triggers a response Unconditioned Response   (UCR) unlearned, naturally occurring response to  the unconditioned stimulus salivation when food is in the mouth 
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Classical Conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS) originally irrelevant stimulus that, after  association with an unconditioned stimulus,  comes to trigger a conditioned response Conditioned Response (CR) learned response to a previously neutral  conditioned stimulus
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