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Chapter 10 - Chapter10 Motivation Motivation Motivation...

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Chapter 10 Motivation
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Motivation Motivation a need or desire that energizes and  directs behaviour
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Motivational Concepts Four perspectives used to explain  motivation:  Instinct Theory  Drive-Reduction Theory Arousal Theory Hierarchy of Needs
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Motivation Instincts (evolutionary psychology) complex behaviours that are rigidly  patterned throughout a species and are  not learned Where the woman builds different kinds of houses the bird builds only one kind of nest.
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Motivation Drive-Reduction Theory the idea that a physiological need creates an  aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates  an organism to satisfy the need Drive-reducing behaviors (eating, drinking) Need (e.g., for food, water) Drive (hunger, thirst)
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Motivation Homeostasis tendency to maintain a balanced or  constant internal state regulation of any aspect of body  chemistry around a particular level
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Motivation Incentive a positive or negative environmental  stimulus that motivates behavior
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