03_SkillLearning

03_SkillLearning - SavantLearning Talent&Learning n n

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Savant Learning
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n The existence of talent challenges the  declarative-to-autonomous model of  skill acquisition n Apparently,  declarative knowledge  is a  useful, but not always necessary stage  of  procedural learning
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Nadia’s Art 1
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Nadia’s Art 2
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Nadia n Nadia was a three-year old autistic child with  little language who suddenly evinced an  unprecedented drawing ability n Nadia drew rapidly and creatively. She had  perfect control, so she never had to correct n When she became older and more social,  Nadia stopped drawing spontaneously
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Lack of Relation between  Artistic and other Abilities n Nadia and Stephen were severely  impaired n Louis Pasteur was a poor student n Leonardo Da Vinci and Galileo appear  to have been outstanding at everything
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Lack of Relation between  Musical and other Abilities n Rex was autistic and severely impaired n Julius Rudel (famous conductor of NYC  opera) was dyslexic n Cole Porter (composer) went to Yale  
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Talent n Specific artistic and musical abilities appear  to be unrelated to general intelligence.   n A few autistic and retarded individuals have  outstanding artistic and musical abilities. n However, individuals of average and above  average intelligence may also have  outstanding talents
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Serial Learning
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The Importance of Order in  Life n Examples n A phone number is not just a set of numbers but a  precise  sequence  that must be executed in its  exact order n Similarly, order is important for many tasks, e.g.  washing, dressing, cooking n If the same order occurs repeatedly, it is  useful to retain that episodic description over  a long period of time
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How is Order Encoded? n Is it encoded as a temporal pattern of  perceptible events? n Instrumental memory n Or is it encoded as a sequence of  actions? n Habit memory
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Purpose of Serial Reaction  Time Task (SRT) n A serial reaction time task (SRT) is used to  study how order is learned and preserved. 
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The Task n Stimuli are successively presented on a  computer screen while participants are  required to respond as quickly as  possible with assigned response keys. n
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03_SkillLearning - SavantLearning Talent&Learning n n

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