Class 3 - Review Founding rare and rational Conditions...

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Review Founding: rare and rational Conditions: opportunity, smart people, cooperation, myth, etc. (See ―toolbox‖) Human predicament: tyranny vs. anarchy Political legitimacy: guardianship vs. democracy Nature of freedom (more on this today) Human nature
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Questions for the Ages How to resolve dilemma between tyranny and anarchy? What are human beings really like? What is the true nature of freedom . . . individual liberty v. social order? What forms of government are helpful? Destructive? When and how should humans come together as political society?
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Political Economy Questions: Can you have free markets without democratic government? Can you have democratic government without free markets?
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Consequences of assumptions about human nature and our own behavior If men assume that women will generally keep dates made even if subsequent events make the date not in their self-interest: Men are likely to ask more often, ask earlier, and ask a wider variety of women. If men assume that women will only keep dates if it is in their self-interest: Men are likely to ask less, ask later, and ask women whom they predict will not get a better offer.
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Our assumption about human nature (which is what the Founders assumed): People are motivated largely by self- interest, but almost everyone has some public virtue. (Recall Burke quote.) I add public virtue can be engendered and increased.
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Human Nature FREEDOM ORDER PHYSICAL GOODS GOODS OF THE SOUL There is something within man which urges him to rise above himself . . . To live in a higher and more beautiful world. . . . To be alive only to appetite, pleasure, pride, money-making, and not to goodness and kindness, purity and love, poetry, music, flowers, stars, God and eternal hopes, is to deprive one’s self of the real joy of living .‖ David O. McKay POWER
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Human Aspiration A GOOD SOCIETY A condition of ordered freedom with plentiful goods for body and soul
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Alternative forms of government: Autocracy Classical republicanism Libertarianism Liberalism
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Assumptions about human nature: people are like children; need guidance Forms: monarchies, dictatorships and other despotisms Examples: pre-revolutionary France, Nazi Germany, Stalinist Soviet Union, the current Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea and the Islamic Republic of Iran Note: Pew Study in Russia Autocracy: one or few in charge, guardianships
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Assumptions about human nature: people are not necessarily corrupt, but are corruptible. Power corrupts… “We have learned by sad experience that it is the nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as they get a little authority, as they suppose, they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous dominion.” Doctrine and Covenants 121: 39 Hence need to design governments to restrain power and encourage moral behavior Classical Republicanism
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Assumptions about human nature: people are what they are, some good, some bad, and government is not going to change that.
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