Class 12 - Wednesday,October12th Draft of Essay #1 Due...

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Wednesday, October 12th  Draft of Essay #1 Due TODAY! Final Essay #1 Due Wednesday, Oct. 26th
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NATIONAL L E J STATE L E J Federalism
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The Founders on Government n Government is not reason; it is not eloquent;  it is force. Like fire, it is dangerous servant and  a fearful master.”—George Washington n “In framing a government which is to be  administered by men over men, the great  difficult lies in this: you must first enable the  government to control the governed; and in the  next place, oblige it to control itself.”-- Madison,  Fed. 51
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The “republican problem” n Giving government enough power to prevent  anarchy but not so much as to establish  tyranny
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Key Structural Devices n A large republic n Enumeration n Separation of powers n Checks and balances
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Enumeration n Unlike any government before, the  government’s power includes only what is  enumerated in the Constitution. n This would be a limited government, one  based on the rule of law, not the will of  men.
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Separation of Powers n Separation of Powers:  The allocation of  different government powers across  distinct entities. n Three types in the Constitution: n Federalism. n Three independent branches of  government. n Two legislative bodies.
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Executive Branch n What powers should he have, and how should  he be elected? n Views on the executive branch least well- formed in the convention. n Many assumed that he should be elected by the  Congress. n They did not believe that the people could be  entrusted with this.
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Executive Branch n James Wilson had innovative idea: President should  be elected by the people. n This would create strong, independent executive who was,  at the same time, accountable to the people. n Eventually settled on system in which the President is  chosen indirectly by the people with weight given to states.
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Class 12 - Wednesday,October12th Draft of Essay #1 Due...

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