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Unformatted text preview: 17:23 The Judiciary Organization of the American Judiciary US courts deal with two types of cases Criminal cases Civil cases Standing – you have to be personally affected by the cases in order for to be considered to have “standing” Class actions – the plaintiff could be a group of people efficiency gains Federal Courts Judiciary Act of 1789 created lower courts district courts are the lowest level circuit courts of appeal above them Amendments expanded this structure 94 federal district courts organized into 13 circuits each circuit has a court of appeal Common Law and Legal Precedent the US operates largely under a common law system high level courts set legal precedents Stare decisis – let the prior decision stand overturning of precedent common law used in Britain as well Many other countries have a civil law system The Path of a Supreme Court Deciding what cases to hear the “rule of four” (its nine, but if 4 decide to take it then they will) and write of...
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course POLI 100 at UNC.
- Fall '07