EVR 1001L BP Worksheet - Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species MANGROVE NATIVE or INVASIVE Straw-like spikes Physical description Thick exposed

EVR 1001L BP Worksheet - Biological Pollution Lab...

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Unformatted text preview: Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: MANGROVE NATIVE or INVASIVE Straw-like spikes Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Thick, exposed roots, called prop roots _____________________________________________________________________________________ Leaves are long, smooth-edged, _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ As a result of mangrove roots being flooded with water, _____________________________________________________________________________________ the plant evolved so that the underground roots can gain excess to air. Due to the variability of changes in climate, a variety of mangroves assemblages _____________________________________________________________________________________ began to grow in different regions, including different species composition in mangrove _____________________________________________________________________________________ forests. Mangrove propagules fall off the trees and can be swept away by ocean _____________________________________________________________________________________ currents, reaching many different ecosystems after floating for a number of days. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: GUMBO LIMBO NATIVE or INVASIVE Red, peeling bark Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Trunk and branches are thick , copper color _____________________________________________________________________________________ Tall, wide tree _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: ROYAL PALM NATIVE or INVASIVE Thick “Crown” of leaves Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ White, thick trunk Tapered trunk _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: CABBAGE PALM NATIVE or INVASIVE Medium sized tree Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Straight, unbranched trunk with clump of leaves at top of stem _____________________________________________________________________________________ Crown of deeply cut, curved, palmate leaves _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: CASTOR BEAN NATIVE or INVASIVE Soft-woody shrub or small tree Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Strong tap-root and prominent lateral roots _____________________________________________________________________________________ stems reddish, large leaves, burr-like seed pods; poisonous _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ Plants produce large numbers of seeds which are explosively released when the fruit are mature, thereby aiding their spread. Humans also spread _____________________________________________________________________________________ the seeds intentionally for cultivation or unintentionally in dumped garden waste, mud, _____________________________________________________________________________________ soil and on vehicles and machinery. The plant shows phenotypic plasticity, and adapts _____________________________________________________________________________________ to different habitat types. Rapidly colonizes disturbed sites and invades natural areas, _____________________________________________________________________________________ can shade out other species and quickly form large populations that outcompete native _____________________________________________________________________________________ vegetation. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: AUSTRALIAN PINE NATIVE or INVASIVE Needle-like branchlets Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Small cone-like flower _____________________________________________________________________________________ Leaves reduced to tiny scales around branchlet joints _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Because Australian pine trees are resistant to salt spray, Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ and can grow close to sea water, they have invaded thousands of acres of southeastern _____________________________________________________________________________________ and southwestern coastal areas of Florida. _____________________________________________________________________________________ These trees out-compete native vegetation by producing a dense leaf litter beneath them. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: BRAZILLIAN PEPPER NATIVE or INVASIVE Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ Tree to 13m; berries bright red Crushed leaf smells of turpentine _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas The Pine Rocklands are fire dependant, which means Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ that periodic fires are required in order to eliminate invading hardwoods and assist in _____________________________________________________________________________________ nutrient cycling. When fire is suppressed, it becomes easier for exotic species to _____________________________________________________________________________________ Infests both aquatic andd terrestrial habitats, greatly reducing the quality take over. _____________________________________________________________________________________ of native biotic communities. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 7 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: SILK REED NATIVE or INVASIVE Large grass; to 3.3m Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ large, feathery silver inflorescence _____________________________________________________________________________________ Leaf blades linear, long and wide, sparesely short-hairy above _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ Once established, it colonizes marginal and undisturbed habitats and promotes frequent fires due to its high flammability, enhancing its spread. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: OYSTER PLANT NATIVE or INVASIVE Succulent herb with short stout erect Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ stems , osten clustered and forming large colonies. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Leaves imbricate, crowded, linear. Flowers numerous, _____________________________________________________________________________________ small, white, clustered within a broad, folded bract _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Oyster plants can be disbursed by seeds, by cuttings, and Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ by plant fragmnets that rapidly colonize areas where it grows. Seeds are disbursed by _____________________________________________________________________________________ wind, facilitating long-distance invasions. It is a successful invader that can escape _____________________________________________________________________________________ from gardens and is able to rapidly replace the native vegetation. The plant has _____________________________________________________________________________________ adapted to grow on a wide range of well-drained soil types including rocky soils, _____________________________________________________________________________________ sand, and limestone bedrock. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 9 Biological Pollution Lab Worksheet Species: WEST INDIES MAHOGANY NATIVE or INVASIVE Medium to large tree with an erect trunk Physical description:____________________________________________________________________ and a broad, dense, rounded crown. Bark reddish-brown, _____________________________________________________________________________________ thick, roughened by thick scales. Leaves round, dark green _____________________________________________________________________________________ Fruit is a woody capsule that splits open , exposing seeds _____________________________________________________________________________________ With what habitat is it typically associated? Pine Rocklands Mangrove Sawgrass Prairie Hardwood Hammock More than One of the Above If Invasive, which of the following characteristics allowed it to become invasive? Intentional introduction Efficient reproduction Tolerance of a wide range of conditions Few or no natural enemies in the new ecosystem Ability to out-compete Able to colonize disturbed areas Mahogany has characteristics that make it successful Clarify your above response:____________________________________________________________ in invading natural forests. Its fruits contain an average of 62 seeds and one tree can _____________________________________________________________________________________ possibly produce 60 fruits. The seed is capable of germination in less than a month _____________________________________________________________________________________ even in areas which are relatively shaded. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 10 ...
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