Midterm 2007 Fall - Luara

Midterm 2007 Fall - Luara - , Question 1 According to...

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, Question 1 According to Government of Canada, "Industry accounts for about half of Canada's greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) that cause climate change." (Action on Industrial Greenhouse Gas Emissions) Since greenhouse gas emissions are defined as carbon dioxide (C02) equivalents (Biodiesel may worsen global warming relative to petroleum diesel mongabay.com), carbon footprinting, defined as "a measure of the exclusive total amount of carbon dioxide emissions that is directly and indirectly caused by an activity or is accumulated over the life stages of a producty' (medmann and Minx, p.4), plays a significant role in the global warming phenomena. In other words, to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions, decreasing the carbon footprinting should be considered as the target. Fuel industry is one of the largest carbon dioxide producers. Targeting the fuel industry, both Federal and Ontario governments have adopted some policies on carbon footprinting reduction. To be specific, the Federal Government takes up the C02 Capture and Storage policies; the Ontario Government assumes the Ethanol blending of gasoline policy. The C02 Capture and Storage is one of the federal initiatives included in Action Plan 2000 on Climate Change (AP2000), starting in the fiscal year 200112002. ("2006 Canada $ Fourth National Report on Climate Change", p. 101) Firstly, this initiative intends to prevent the C02 produced by the fuel industry extending into the atmosphere and to store the C02 underground. Moreover, the C02 we stored could also be used to enhance the recovery of oil and coal bed methane. Also, the government allotted a large amount of money on the initiatives. The Government of Canada desires to utilize the C02 to control and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. However, Kevin Grandia states that Alberta oil sands production continues to grow at a rapid rate and also the Canadian government has not introduced new legislation to deal with Canada's rising greenhouse gas emissions, despite promising to do so for the last two years. (Grandia) Additionally, as the report mentions, upstream oil and gas industry emissions are still rising, because "the rate of growth of oil and gas production has exceeded the improvements in emissions intensity" ("2006 Canada$ Fourth National Report on Climate Change", p.105). Obviously, the policy does not seem have a meaningful impact on greenhouse gas emissions. The report "Ontario Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets: A Technical Brief' emphasizes that the Ontario Government adopt the Ethanol blending of gasoline policy for fuel industry on greenhouse gas emissions reduction. Because with ethanol gasoline that exhausts through vehicles becomes less polluted, ethanol blending of gasoline could lessen the formation of carbon footprinting and mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions. (Mcguinty Government Takes Next Step on Clearer Air) The government's current policies will reduce the greenhouse gas emissions for several years. According to the "Ontario Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets: A Technical Brief ', the emissions would be rising again after 2014,
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This document was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course LAPS adms1010 at York University.

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Midterm 2007 Fall - Luara - , Question 1 According to...

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