Lecture+_8+9-27 - Sociology of Deviant Behavior Agenda for...

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Sociology of Deviant Behavior
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Agenda for Today Photo Assignments Durkheim Agnew Sutherland & Cressey
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Photo Assignments
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Durkheim Part II Chapter 6
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A. Durkheim: Crime Pervades All Types of Societies Crime is constant, though its form/content and extent varies Crime is increasing in modern societies (300% in France in Durkheim’s time) Crime therefore must be seen as a normal part of collective life and societies
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B. Durkheim: Crime is Normal and Necessary A society exempt from crime is impossible because of the very nature of crime: crime is an act that offends strong collective sentiments (moral values) Since society is at root a moral order predicated on specific collective values, as long as those societies exist, certain acts will always potentially be offensive
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In order for a “serious” crime such as murder to be eliminated, collective sentiments against it throughout society would have to become extremely strong Yet even as a “serious” crime like murder was eliminated, those same increased collective sentiments would then become more intolerant of “less” serious crimes such as assaults or robberies, and the cycle would continue
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Hence Durkheim notes even a society of saints would have “crime” although nothing we recognize: crime would consist of minor, very
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 304 at Rutgers.

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Lecture+_8+9-27 - Sociology of Deviant Behavior Agenda for...

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