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MÉXICO INDÍGENA Mexican Property Development Survey (MPDS) Mexico Open Source Geographic Information Systems (MOS-GIS) FINAL REPORT (short version for web) THE AGS BOWMAN EXPEDITIONS PROTOTYPE: DIGITAL GEOGRAPHY OF INDIGENOUS MEXICO By P ETER H. H ERLIHY , J EROME E. D OBSON , M IGUEL A GUILAR R OBLEDO , D EREK A. S MITH , J OHN H. K ELLY , A IDA R AMOS V IERA , A NDREW H. H ILBURN Submitted to Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO) NRCC-Leavenworth June 2008
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ROFESSIONAL C AVEAT Our development of the American Geographical Society (AGS) Bowman Expeditions prototype, México Indígena, is based on our conviction that geographical understanding is essential for maintaining peace, resolving conflicts, and providing humanitarian assistance worldwide. This prototype for global GIS place-based research aimed not only at research excellence but at setting standards of responsibility and transparency. It situated the research with the communities being studied, broadening representation and input to include genuine voices, from rebels to rulers, from left to right, and all shades in between. The methodology, with participatory research mapping at the core, was designed to benefit the participant communities, scholars, students, other individuals and their respective agencies. Respecting scholarly publishing and proprietary rights, as well as the confidentiality of the human subjects involved, the primary research data are openly available to others, being posted on our México Indígena Website ( http://web.ku.edu/~mexind/ ). The AGS Bowman Expeditions prototype – in contrast to the controversial human terrain teams – is led by geographers, not military personnel, who collaborate with universities, not military battalions. As Bowman researchers we are not embedded in U.S. military units, have no explicit operational or tactical military objectives, and are generally not working in harm’s way. Rather, they are motivated by professor-student interests with “open-source” results they freely exchange. We recognize that geographical information can be used for military purposes, as is true for any university-based scholarship. As researchers on this prototype expedition, we rest on the conviction that we must have better geographical understanding of foreign lands and peoples to help avert military interventions and improve humanitarian aid and economic development. Recent history has shown how geographical ignorance can lead to war; we believe, conversely, geographical intelligence can prevent it. (See AGS Bowman Expeditions prototype summary article, THE GEOGRAPHICAL REVIEW, JULY 2008 .) We trust the American Geographical Society to remain vigilant that the Bowman Expedition principles, discussed below, are maintained and that the results from this prototype and future expeditions are used to benefit of humanity. 2
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course GEO 262 at Rutgers.

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