262S11+PP_13+Urbanization

262S11+PP_13+Urbanization - Urbanization
rates


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Unformatted text preview: Urbanization
rates
 The
national
capital
 and
largest
urban
 area
(22
million);
A
 “Primate
city”
with
 serious
problems:
 air
pollution,

 water
shortages,
 soil
shrinkage,
 seismicity/ vulcanicity,
 insufficient
housing,
 waste
disposal
 Tokyo,
Japan
 c.
5,000
square
miles
 Arakawa
River
 Sumida
River
 High
City
yamanote
 Tama
River
 Low
City
shitimachi
 Which
is
the
dependent
variable?

 Megalopolis
 MEGALOPOLIS
 Boston
 New
York
 (Jean
Gottmann,
1957)
 Baltimore
 Philadelphia
 Washington
D.C.
 SMALL
SIZE
CAN
BE
A
PROBLEM
TOO!
 Black
 
 Deep
purple
 Reds
 
 Pinks
 
 Beige
 
 
90‐100%
 
80‐90%
 
40‐80%
 
20‐40%
 
0‐20%
 LIMA,
 PERU
 
ROCINHA,
 BRAZIL
 KIBERA,
 KENYA
 DHARAVI,
 MUMBAI
 Highrises
 Shantytown
 East
end
of
Mumbai
International
Airport:
 2000
(top)
and
2010
(bottom)
 Note
changes
to
Mithi
River

 bank
and
channel,
and
open
spaces
 
as
well
as
slum
housing,
runways

 and
airport
parking
zones.



 See
next
photo

 Shantytown
on
low
rocky
bluff
at
east
end
of
main
runway
 Slum
land
is
valuable
to
many
potential
users.
 What
happened
to
the
displaced
people?
 URBAN
CATASTROPHES
 “MOST IMPORTANT” COASTAL MEGACITIES POPULATION (Millions) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 17. 18. 25. Tokyo-Yokohama San Francisco Bay Los Angeles Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Miami New York Hong Kong-Pearl R. Delta Manila-Quezon Shanghai Amsterdam-Rotterdam Mumbai 34.9 7.3 16.8 18.0 4.1 21.6 14.0 14.2 14.2 8.0 18.2 TOTAL RISK INDEX 710 167 100 92 45 42 41 31 13 12 5.1 29. 33. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 46. 48. 49. 50. Istanbul Buenos Aires Lima Athens Jakarta Singapore Karachi Sao Paulo Rio de Janeiro Alexandria St. Petersburg Lagos Abidjan 16.0 13.7 9.0 4.0 17.1 4.0 12.3 20.3 12.3 5.0 6.0 13.5 3.9 4.8 4.2 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.1 2.5 1.8 1.4 0.7 0.7 0.3 HAZARD VULNERABILITY 10.0 6.7 2.7 3.6 2.7 0.9 2.8 4.8 1.1 0.9 0.8 7.1 8.3 8.2 5.0 7.7 5.5 6.6 9.5 8.0 5.6 8.6 10.0 3.0 4.5 5.0 2.2 8.3 2.2 0.7 1.7 2.3 0.7 2.4 0.7 2.8 0.7 1.7 0.3 2.3 0.3 0.6 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 7.2 6.3 7.3 6.9 9.9 7.1 10.0 8.0 8.2 7.5 8.7 9.4 8.7 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.8 0.2 1.9 0.1 1.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 Total Risk = (Hazard)x(Vulnerability)x(Exposed Values) EXPOSED VALUES DATE EVENT METRO AREA DEAD US$BILLIONS 1989 Earthquake San Francisco 62 8 1991 Wildfire Oakland 25 2 1992 Hurricane Miami 38 30 57 40 1994 Earthquake Northridge 1995 Earthquake Kobe-Osaka 2001 Hurricane Houston 2001 Terrorism New York 2005 Hurricane New Orleans 5,502 100+ 22 5 2,837 83 790 60-65 DATE EVENT METRO AREA DEAD 1985 Earthquake Mexico City 5,000+ 1991 Earthquake Izmit, Turkey 19,000+ 2001 Earthquake Bhuj, India 30,000+ 2010 Earthquake Port au Prince, 200-300,000+ Haiti ...
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course GEO 262 at Rutgers.

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