9:11:08 - Jobless ghettos Wilson Historical Comparison...

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Jobless ghettos – Wilson Historical Comparison -1950 – 69% working -1990 – 37% -Disappearance of work in the inner city -effect on social life of the neighborhood Poor neighborhoods vs. Jobless neighborhoods -Formal v. informal labor market -Formal labor market = greater regularity and consistency -Framework for daily behavior -Neighborhood organized around work -Coherent organization of the present -System of concrete expectations and goals Why are these places jobless? -Neighborhoods were always segregated -Lower demand for low-skill labor -Suburban job locations -Individual solutions -Further deprives inner city of resources -Economic marginality reinforces and is reinforced by conditions in the neighborhood Employer Attitudes - Sympathy but no hires -Language skills -Language stigma (accents & stereotypes) -Soft skills vs. hard skills -Selective recruitment and statistical discrimination Public Policy -Economic shifts permanently reduced demand for low skill workers in the private sector -Government as employer of last resort
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course SOC 106 at Rutgers.

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9:11:08 - Jobless ghettos Wilson Historical Comparison...

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