Lecture2

Lecture2 - Lecture 2: Culture and Socialization (Chapters 2...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 2: Culture and Socialization (Chapters 2 and 3) - Culture o Sociological definition of society is a group of people who are relatively self-sufficient and share a common territory (a field or sphere of action, thought, …. o Total way of life shared by members of society Mechanism by which society survives in that environment Often taken for granted o Two types Material Culture Man-made physical objects Based on tools and technology A physical representation of the non-material culture Non-material Culture An integrated system of learned behavior patterns that are characteristics of members of a society o Components of Culture Symbols – we create reality of meaning The symbolic meaning of an object can vary from culture to culture Shared symbols allow for communication Symbols have a tendency to evolve or change over time Beliefs – conceptions about what is true in the world Ideas about what exists, how they work, and how they are related Values – shared ideas of right and wrong and desirable goals Norms – shared rules of conduct that guides behavior in particular situation Folkways reflect customary/habitual ways of doing Mores - strong feelings of right or wrong (incest) Law – rules that allow sanctions by a political authority for violation Difference between laws and norms o Laws are universal o Laws have authority of the state Legal sanctions occur when law violation occurs Language – written or verbal symbols to communicate Linguistic Relativity – language reflects culture, but also influences culture because our ideas are transmitted through language The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis – the language of society is structured around the world-view of that society and our
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
thoughts and behaviors are at least partially determined by the language we speak Cultures become distinct through o Different adaptation needs o Geographical barriers o Technology o History o And they are transmitted through language o Sources of Cultural Change Innovation – internal source of change involving the development
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course SOCL 2001 at LSU.

Page1 / 5

Lecture2 - Lecture 2: Culture and Socialization (Chapters 2...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online