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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 3: Demography and Social Ecology (Chapter 14) (on test 2: 14, 6, 7, 8)- Demography subfield in sociology. The study of populations and population change o Why study? increases and decreases in population have powerful impacts on social, economic, and political structures in society o 3 Demographic Variables Fertility refers to the actual # of children born in a population Fertility Rate average # of children born per woman over lifetime o World 2.8 per female o U.S. 2.0 per female Crude Birth Rate - # of live births per 1,000 people annually o U.S. 1947 27 per 1,000 o U.S. 2004 14 per 1,000 What affects the birth rate? o Status of women When women have rights they have more control over sexual habits o Economic development Provides opportunities external to family (decreases birth rate) Agricultural environment more kids Industrial environment less kids o Availability of contraceptives Mortality refers to the number of deaths in a population...
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- Spring '07