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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 4: Stratification and Inequality (Chapter 6)- Stratification institutionalized system for distributing rewards to those at varying levels in social hierarchy (wealth, prestige, and power / designates SES) o Old money vs. New money o SES Social Economic Standing o Breakdown: Macrolevel Layers or Strata patterned Perpetuates by distribution based on placement Institutionalized o The degree of stratification in a society is determined by how unequally resources are distributed, how distinct social classes are, how much mobility between classes, how permanent classes are o Types of systems Closed based on ascribed characteristics and mobility is not possible Caste System rigid and stable (India) Estate System closed, but not as rigid (feudal) Open based on merit and mobility possible (U.S.) Class stratification institutionalized system by which some groups have more economic resources and power than others Class system more fluid o Status not determined by religious standing or legal standing o Boundary between classes are not really clear cut o Class positions in part are achieved o Class stratification is economically based Inequalities in material resources determine...
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- Spring '07