Lecture8 - Lecture 8 Deviance Crime and Social...

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Lecture 8 – Deviance, Crime, and Social Control (Chapter 5) - Deviance o What is it? What form does it take? Who is considered deviant? Everywhere o Humans are evaluative creatures Continually make judgments of looks, beliefs, etc. of others o Crime is a category of deviance o Absolute Deviance: black and white Judging behaviors as right or wrong based on some standard Religious standards, political standards, traditional family standards, etc. Right and wrong is inherent within the act itself Police officers are trained to operate with this viewpoint based on legal standards Sees deviance and morality more general o Statistical Deviance: uncommon Deviance is uncommon behavior o Relative Deviance: socially constructed Deviance is culturally defined Variation between different situations and different audiences Deviance is relative to the groups in which it is found Deviance is defined in context o Upper-class are rarely deemed to be deviant (conflict theory) o 4 elements for a behavior or person to be deemed deviant Rule or Norm – those which guide behavior in society A Norm Violator Audience – someone who judges or labels the norm violator Negative Reaction o Social control – mechanisms through which society gets members to conform (internal, informal, and formal) Internal – norms / built into us through socialization Best way of social control Agents of social control Formal – agent with authority to punish Informal – not a designated authority, but still gives response o What is Deviance? Deviance as Norm Violation (objectively given) People agree on the rules and the rules are known throughout society Deviance as Social Definitions (subjectively problematic) Disagreement over the content of the rules leads to conflict
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o Deviance as Norm Violations Study of behaviors that violate rules and study of individuals who violate the rules (teen drinking and who drinks as a teens) Norm Violation Rates (macrolevel analysis) o Neighborhoods, cities, counties, states, nations o Look at large scale structural conditions that shape the nature of life for individuals Structure is viewed as being a factor of what is deviant o Compare rates of different places o Also concerned with consequences of norm violations Individual Norm Violations (microlevel analysis) o How deviants differ from non-deviants o Who violates the norms? o Why do different people violate socials norms? Why to varying degrees? Norms are used as a reference point o Deviance as Social Definitions Study of what is labeled as deviant; examine the emerging, changing, and conflicting character of social norms Norms of people conflict – what decides who’s norms are the reference point?
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