Bebop Through West Coast

Bebop Through West Coast - Decline of the Big Bands No...

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Decline of the Big Bands No single event was responsible Many young musicians were drafted Shortage of men caused dance halls to close Petroluem/shellac were in short supply Petrillo’s recording ban – 1942- 1944 Pop singers/jazz musicians went in different directions. Growing artistic unrest with musicians Times were changing
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Bebop Bebop – Early 1940s to Middle 1950s Name comes from the sound of the music. Dominated by the saxophone. Drug use was heavy in the bebop crowd. Tremendous split between musicians and the public. The drug culture became a “social cement” People not involved in the use of drugs were often frozen out of the bebop clique.
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Bebop Bebop Musicians tried to rise from entertainer to artist. Many compositions were written over the changes of other popular tunes. Example: Whispering became Groovin High
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Bop contrasted with Swing Swing Bebop Big band Small chamber groups Elaborate arrangements Arrangements unimportant Solos were repeated Solos were always different Catered to the dancers Aimed at listeners, not dancers Guitar used as rhythm instrument Guitar not used Recognizable melodies important Melodies were obscured Used pop and “show” tunes Focused on Blues / I Got Rhythm Clarinet important Saxophone eclipses the clarinet
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Swing is popular music of the day Little popular appeal Soloing was not essential to work Used only the best soloists Vibrato an important element of sound. Vibrato is not emphasized. Triplet nature is important.
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course MUS 2000 at LSU.

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Bebop Through West Coast - Decline of the Big Bands No...

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