Poli_Sci_Test_1

Poli_Sci_Test_1 - Political Science Test 1 Politics: Who...

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Political Science Test 1
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Politics: Who Gets What & How? Politics: The conflict and struggles over the leadership structure, and policies of government Government: Used to describe the formal political arrangement by which a land and its people are ruled Constitutions & Institutions
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Politics: Who Gets What & How? Interest Group 2 people that agree
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Why is the government necessary? • Government exists to maintain order. • Government exist to protect individual liberty and property. • Among many others David Hume argued that governments also exist to produce public goods
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Why is government necessary? Private goods Something that belongs to you Public Goods Something that belongs to everyone
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Limits on Government Came about with a new social class Bourgeoisie Freeman of the city Wanted to protect their own interest You could participate if you had land or property Came up with Freedom of speech assembly
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Forms of Government: Levels of Inclusiveness Low Inclusive: Very few people in charge Totalitarian Authoritarian Broad Limits Constitution al
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Forms of Government: Levels of Inclusiveness Autocracy 1 person has all the power Makes executive decisions Might have monarch/dictator Autocracy is similar but NOT the same
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Oligarchy Oligarchy Government of few Few people have power High ranking people Business Military Power is kept within the same exclusive group
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Totalitarian Totalitarian Government does not recognize formal limits on power Tries to get rid of others that may try to challenge them Few limits
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Authoritarian Authoritarian Occasionally might have an institution that is NOT associated with the government Government may have restraints because of power
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Authoritarian Systems Monarchy King or Queen runs the government Saudi Arabia Theocracy Gets power from a religious figure Iran Fascist Policies made for the ultimate glory of the state Nazi Germany Totalitarianism North Korea
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Non Authoritarian Systems Anarchy The absence of government or laws Democracy Government puts the power in the hands of the people Based on popular sovereignty Popular Sovereignty Citizens are the ultimate source of power
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Theories of Democracy Elite Democracy Limits on citizens role when it comes to the political process Representative Democracy Elect person Represents constituents Pluralist Democracy Citizens membership is the key to political power
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Theories of Democracy Cont. Participatory/Direct Democracy When you vote directly for something Very rare Citizens control ALL aspects of their lives
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The Role of the People Authoritarian Systems: No will of your own Do what the system says Subjects Obliged to submit to the government People are citizens Democratic People are citizens
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The Role of the People Cont. Citizens
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course ASST 101 at Texas Tech.

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Poli_Sci_Test_1 - Political Science Test 1 Politics: Who...

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