E162-TheCommonPoolResource - TheCommonPoolResource(CPR)...

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The  Common Pool Resource (CPR) Two key characteristics Lack of excludability Ex: a lake hard to exclude people from using the resource Subtractablility/ rivalry Ex: whatever fish someone catches the other person can not catch  Because everyone is trying to use it for instance air, someone smoking affects  the air the non-smoker breathes  History Lloyd (1830”s) Gordon 1954) and Scott (1955), on fisheries Hardin (1996 Ostrom (1990) “Governing the Commons”, faculty member here at IU when common pool resources ca Basics of the CPR problem marginal private costs < marginal social costs individuals don’t account for the social costs and experience only a fraction of  them until they become prohibitively high and prevent resource use two drivers of human behavior that create the problem free-riding and unwillingness to be the “sucker” race to deplete the resource end up with  Hardin “individuals locked into the logic of the commons are free only to bring universal  ruin” the only solution is “mutual coercion mutually agreed upon” the solution is not a  technical one, but a social one.
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course SPEA-E 162 at Indiana.

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E162-TheCommonPoolResource - TheCommonPoolResource(CPR)...

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