e162environmentallitstudyguide - PART I Environmental...

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PART I Environmental Literacy 1) What is “nature-deficit disorder”? a. The nature-deficit disorder describes the human cost of alienation from nature, among them: diminished use of the senses, attention difficulties, and higher rates of physical and emotional illnesses. The disorder can be detected in individuals, families, and communities. Nature deficit can even change human behavior in cities, which could ultimately affect their design, since long-standing studies show a relationship between the absence, or inaccessibility, of parks and open space with high rime rates, depression, and other urban maladies. On page 36 in Richard Louv reading. 2) Describe the five characteristics associated with the third frontier of Americans’ interactions with nature. 1.more comprehensive and ecologically solvent standards for truth 2. facts/politics 3. Is continuing tech progress always good 4. Questions assumptions 5. Education: are the places appropriate 3) What three questions does Schneider (1997) say should be asked by someone critically thinking about an environmental policy issue? 1) What can happen? 2) What are the odds? 3) How do you know? 4) How does Schneider (1997) define “scientific literacy”? (environmental literacy is) familiarity with the social processes that accompany most environmental issues and some understanding how the scientific method works 5) How might we redefine our definition of citizenship to consider the environment? Good citizenship requires literacy about how the scientific and decision-making elements interact. In short, familiarity with the social processes that accompany most environmental issues and some understanding of how scientific method works. The Commons 6) What is the tragedy of the commons? Be able to extend the definition to explain contemporary pollution problems. Tragedy of the commons is working for the common but when get there generates tragedy. Good example on page 1244 in the Tragedy of the Commons, helps to explain. In relation to pollution problems here is not taking something out of the commons but putting something in sewage, chemical, radioactive, and heat wastes into water; noxious and dangerous fumes into the air; and distracting and unpleasant advertising signs into the line of sight. The calculations of utility are much as the same before. The rational man finds that his share of the cost of the wastes he discharges into the common is less than the cost of purifying his wastes before releasing them. Since this is true for everyone, we are locked into a system of “fouling our own nest,” so long as we behave only as independent, rational, free- enterprisers. Page 1245 in the tragedy of the commons 7) How does Hardin (1986) say that the tragedy of the commons can be averted?
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“The only way we can preserve and nurture other and more precious freedoms is by relinquishing the freedom to breed, and that very soon. Freedom I is the recognition of necessity and it is the role of education to reveal to all the necessity of abandoning to reveal
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course SPEA-E 162 at Indiana.

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e162environmentallitstudyguide - PART I Environmental...

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