E162 Section 9564, Final Exam Study Guide
The final exam will be held during the final exam period, 2:45-4:45, on Friday, December
18. The final exam will have 30 questions. Fifteen questions will be multiple choice and
15 will require short answers of 2–4 sentences each. The questions will be drawn from
this study guide. The study guide contains 60 questions.
1) What three characteristics does Bullard say distinguish the organization of a typical
environmental justice group from that of a group associated with the traditional U.S. e
The environmental justice movement has basically redefined what environmentalism is
all about. It basically says that the environment is everything: where we live, work, play,
go to school, as well as the physical and natural world. And so we can't separate the
physical environment from the cultural environment. We have to talk about making sure
that justice is integrated throughout all of the stuff that we do.
What the environmental justice movement is about is trying to address all of the
inequities that result from human settlement, industrial facility siting and
industrial development. What we've tried to do over the last twenty years is
educate and assist groups in organizing and mobilizing, empowering themselves
to take charge of their lives, their community and their surroundings. It's more of
a concept of trying to address power imbalances, lack of political
enfranchisement, and to redirect resources so that we can create some healthy,
liveable and sustainable types of models.
2) Delegates at the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit
called acts of environmental injustice a violation of which two specific international
environmental protocols? (Extra credit: Explain why environmentally unjust acts violate
To secure our political, economic and cultural liberation that has been denied for over
500 years of colonization and oppression, resulting in the poisoning of our communities
and land and the genocide of our peoples, do affirm and adopt these Principles of
3) What are at least three reasons why average American life expectancies steadily
climbed from 1900 through the late 1930s?
Better healthcare, food cropping systems, machines invented to take the place of the man
4) In 1985, what cause of mortality was responsible for the largest percentage of deaths in
developing countries of Africa, the Middle East, and Asia? In that same year, what cause