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E162FINALreviewpart2 - E162 Section 9564 Final Exam Study...

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E162 Section 9564, Final Exam Study Guide The final exam will be held during the final exam period, 2:45-4:45, on Friday, December 18. The final exam will have 30 questions. Fifteen questions will be multiple choice and 15 will require short answers of 2–4 sentences each. The questions will be drawn from this study guide. The study guide contains 60 questions. 16) Define eco-terrorism. - is the violent destruction of property perpetrated by the radical fringes of environmental groups in the name of saving the environment from further human encroachment and destruction. 17) Define environmental terrorism. - the unlawful use of force against in environmental resources so as to deprive populations of their benefits and/or destroy other property. 18) Explain Homer-Dixon’s hypothesis about the connection between population movements, group identity, and resource-related conflict. Support your explanation with a concrete example. -Decreases in the quality and quantity of renewable resources, population growth, and unequal resource access act singly or in various combinations to increase the scarcity, for certain population groups This can reduce economic productivity, both for the local groups experiencing the scarcity and for the larger regional and national economies. The affected people may migrate or be expelled to new lands. Migrating groups often trigger ethnic conflicts, while decreases in wealth can cause deprivation conflicts such as insurgency and rural rebellion. In developing countries, the migrations and productivity losses may eventually weaken the state, which in turn decreases central control over ethnic rivalries and increases opportunities for insurgents and elites challenging state authority. Example: In South Africa, apartheid concentrated millions of blacks in some of the country's least productive and most ecologically sensitive territories, where population densities were worsened by high natural birth rates. In 1980, rural areas of the Ciskei homeland had 82 people per square kilometer, whereas the surrounding Cape Province had a rural density of 2.
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