E162Socccontrolreview - Introduction:Whatissocialcontrol?

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Introduction: What is social control? A catch all phrase to explain all the ways conformity is induced in human beings 4 alternative approaches to social control? Nye theory: Direct control- all actual or possible restraints that can be enacted against  deviance (legal punishment, informal, punishments ex: ridiculing) Sanctions Internal control- influenced by set of norms and values within a person to keep  them in line Culture and socialization Indirect control- attachments to people (child and parents) keep you in line Relationships Progressive Era Many cultural changes leading up to progressive era the gap b/w lower and  upper-class was sought to be ended and sociology was looked to  Durkheim: from mechanical to organic solidarity Early human society characterized by mechanical solidarity, so people are held in  check through likeness and similarity with everyone (common understandings)  Strong group cohesion Increase of population in big cities eliminated cohesion of whole and Durkheim  argued cities were dysfunctional and threatened unity of family and group  cohesion Organic solidarity  is focus on anonymity and heterogeneity tasks are highly  specialized, social focus is on individual, and focus is on achievements not who  you are Typology of social control Police control is an important force in social control, but social control is much  more Perspectives on social order Consensus theory-  Unity of social life is matter of agreement and understanding between  individuals, shared norms and values are key in stability of society
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E162Socccontrolreview - Introduction:Whatissocialcontrol?

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