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UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS OFFICER CANDIDATES SCHOOL TRAINING COMMAND 2189 ELROD AVENUE QUANTICO, VA 22134-5003 TACT 3022LP AUG 2009 THE OPERATION ORDER – PART 1 (S.M.E.A.C.) TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES . Given subordinate units, an operations order or a mission and a commander's intent from higher, and considering the situation, unit capabilities, and time available, issue a five paragraph order, to communicate a complete, realistic, and tactically sound plan that accomplishes the mission in accordance with MCWP 3-11.2. (0302-OFF-1208) 1. PURPOSE . Several nations have agreed to use the standard operation order format contained in NATO Standard Agreement 2014 (STANAG 2014 – Operation Orders, Warning Orders and Administrative/Logistics Orders, Edition 7 dated 14 August 1991). This format is used throughout the U.S. Armed Forces. In the Marine Corps, we recognize it as “S.M.E.A.C.” the five-paragraph, or operation order format. Nearly all types of combat orders are based on all or part of this five-paragraph format. Standard order formats expedite understanding, communication, prevent omissions and facilitate ready reference. The purpose of this period of instruction is to introduce the outline of the operation order format to the officer candidate and familiarize him/her with the framework on how to communicate orders. 2. WARNING ORDER . The warning order is simply the “heads up” given to the unit before issuing the operation order. 3. OPERATION ORDER OUTLINE FORMAT . The order consists of an orientation and five paragraphs. Below is the basic outline of the operation order format: Orientation . Prior to issuing an order, the unit (or fireteam) leader orients his subordinates to the planned area of operation. The purpose of the orientation is to simply orient team members prior to issuing an order. 1. Situation . (“Here’s the situation…” or “Here’s what’s going on…”) TACT 3022LP-1
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a. Enemy Forces . Information on the enemy situation is issued. (the acronym SALUTE is used = s ize, a ctivity, l ocation, u nit, t ime, e quipment) b. Friendly Forces . Information about the friendly situation is issued. (the acronym HAS is used = h igher headquarters, a djacent units, s upporting units) 2. Mission . (“This is WHAT we have to do…”) This is one clear, concise, simple statement on the task the unit (or fireteam) must accomplish and the purpose why. It answers the 5 Ws ( w hen, w ho, w hat, w here and w hy).
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