Sociology Midterm Study Guide.docx - Sociology 100 Exam 1...

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Sociology 100 Exam 1 Study Guide Concepts: Mechanical Solidarity Organic Solidarity Anomie Sociological imagination Ethnocentrism Cultural relativism Cultural lag Socialization Looking Glass self Total institution Adult socialization Primary groups Secondary groups Reference groups Questions You Should Be Able to Answer: The Sociological Imagination 1. What does Mills mean by the sociological imagination? Be sure to be able to identify examples of when someone is using (or is failing to use) their sociological imagination. a. The sociological imagination enables its possessors to understand the interplay of man and society, of biography and history, of self and world. If one person is unemployed, it is a personal problem. If the unemployment rate is high, it is a social problem. Sociological imagination allows you to understand how social factors contribute to a personal trouble. b. This allows us to question habits and customs that might seem natural to us. c. A personal trouble might include an eating disorder. d. A public issue might include unemployment rate.
The Sociological Perspectives 2. What do functionalists focus on? What does each part of society have, and how does this create stability? Be able to apply this to an example (ex: a school)
3. What do conflict theorists focus on? How do those in power hold on to their positions? Be able to apply this to an example (ex: a school)
4. What do symbolic interactionists focus on? Why do symbols matter, and how do we use them? Be able to apply this to an example (ex: a school)

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