Introduction about Ethiopia

Introduction about Ethiopia - Tigrigna 6.1 Somaligna 6...

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Introduction about Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is one of the oldest countries in the world and Africa's second-most populous nation. Ethiopia is famous for Olympic distance athletes, rock-hewn churches and Coffee bean. By the mid 20 th century, Ethiopia became a member of the League of Nations, and was one of the fifty-one original members of the UN. Ethiopia was divided into 13 provinces, has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower. Currently the issues in Ethiopia, deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management. The population of Ethiopia would be 85,237,338; the population growth is 3.208%. urban population: 17% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 4.3% annual rate of change (2005-2010) the fertility rate is 6.12 children born per woman. HIV prevalence rate 2.1 %. 60.8% Christian, for language, Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%,
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Unformatted text preview: Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (major foreign language taught in schools) The economic of Ethiopia, Ethiopia's poverty-stricken economy is based on agriculture, accounting for almost half of GDP, 60% of exports, and 80% of total employment. Coffee is critical to the Ethiopian economy with exports of some $350 million in 2006, but historically low prices have seen many farmers switching to qat to supplement income. Drought struck again late in 2002, leading to a 3.3% decline in GDP in 2003. Normal weather patterns helped agricultural and GDP growth recover during 2004-08. The GDP rate growth is 8.5%. labor force is about 27.27 million, 80% of them are doing agriculture. The agriculture products are, cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats and fish...
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course HTM 111 at Purdue.

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