Tutorial.Qs.1020 (2) - University ofNewcastle School...

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University of Newcastle School of Humanities and Social Sciences PHIL1020 – Philosophy 1A First Semester, 2011 Tutorial Questions INSTRUCTIONS In the FIRST TUTORIAL   each student  must select a topic from the following   list. The tutor will note the week and  date on which you will be giving a paper  on   your topic in the tutorial. Each person  in the same group  of five must choose a topic  from a different   week .  (though  people in  different  groups  of five can choose the same topic). NOTE: Tutorials Only Meet Every Fortnight SECOND TUTORIAL (Weeks 4, 5) – EXISTENTIALISM (a) A central theme of existentialism  is summed  up  by Sartre's saying that   'existence precedes essence'.  Explain what  this means. How  does it amount  to  the assertion  that human  beings have absolute freedom? Readings : Sartre, J.-P. ‘Existentialism  is a Humanism’, especially pp. 348-50 (SL online) (b) In ‘Existentialism  is a Humanism’, Sartre makes a distinction between  ‘a  universal essence that can be called human  nature’ (which he does not think   exists) and  a ‘human  universality of condition’ (p.362). Explain this distinction.   What is the importance of this distinction  for Sartre’s view of human  freedom   and  responsibility?    Readings : Sartre, J.-P. ‘Existentialism  is a Humanism’, especially pp. 361-362 (SL online) Barnes, H.  Sartre  pp. 27-28 THIRD TUTORIAL (Weeks 6, 7) – ETHICS (a)  Hedonism . Read selections 52 ("Story of a Good  Brahmin") and  53 ("Push- Pin and  Poetry") from Peter Singer's edited  collection  Ethics , both reproduced  in  the text  Morality and Ethical Theory , and  then answer  the following  question.  Is it better to be Socrates (or a Brahmin) dissatisfied  than  a fool satisfied? Are   the pleasures of poetry better than  those of push-pin? On the basis of your  
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course DAS 234 at Punjab Engineering College.

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Tutorial.Qs.1020 (2) - University ofNewcastle School...

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