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407 - Research Study on age and gender as variables that...

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1 Research Study on age and gender as variables that influence drawing complexity Background Theorists such as Piaget discovered various cognitive developmental stages which both males and females pass through. There are also studies which have shown that the rate at which humans reach some of these stages can depend on gender and age. A study of children’s drawings by Cherney found that males will depict their relationships through drawings differently to the way females do, with girls paying more attention to detail when drawing people and both sexes drawing similar pictures of buildings. It is also suggested by some researchers that girls will be more inclined to engage in activities such as drawing, more than boys will, especially in their early years. (Martin et al., 2007). This suggests that girls will generally produce more complex pictures than boys. Another factor that Cherney discovered was that the complexity of children’s drawings was generally dependent on age. Concurrently, Picard and Vinter, found that as a child gets older, they can become more abstract with their thoughts when drawing. On the basis of the studies mentioned, this research aims to investigate whether or not the complexity of a drawing is dependent on a child’s age or gender and the rate at which this improves with both sexes.
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2 Hypothesis 1: When boys and girls of the same age are asked to draw a picture of their family without time constraints, girls will complete more complex drawings with greater attention to detail, compared to boys of the same age.
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