Colonialeditors

Colonialeditors - Colonial Editors The Roots of Community...

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Colonial Editors The Roots of Community Journalism
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Key Questions What was the motivation behind the creation of the first competitive newspaper? What led to the creation of the first independent newspaper? What strategies did early papers use to attract readers? What made Benjamin Franklin both representative and unique as a newspaper editor?
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Sources Walter Isaacson’s Benjamin Franklin: An American Life Frank Luther Mott’s American Journalism Various web sources, including ushistory.org
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Benjamin Franklin Franklin grew up in Boston Voracious reader. Favorite book: John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Promise “Honest John was the first that I know of who mixed narration and dialogue, a method of writing every engaging to the
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Boston Journalism Printer John Campbell benefited from being a printer and the town’s postmaster. In collaboration with fellow postmasters, Campbell exchanged books and newspapers with other colonial postmasters at no cost.
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Newspaper Competition
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Boston Gazette Published by Authority Stayed in control of postmasters Significance First competitive newspaper Put James Franklin into the newspaper business Became one of the most famous Patriot papers
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New England Courant Historians have called it the first truly independent paper. In the first issue, James Franklin’s Oxford- educated Anglican friend attacks the Colony’s Puritan leadership, the Mathers Based on the London Spectator and Guardian , with the focus to be amusing and entertaining
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First Essay “Who like faithful Shepherds take/ care of their Flocks,/ By teaching and practicing/ what’s Orthodox,/ Pray hard against Sickness, yet/ preach up the POX!” “The Select Men (or Managers of the Town Affairs) in duty bound to take Cognizance of the Matter, desire a Meeting of all the Practitioners in Town, to have their Opinion whether the Practice ought to be allowed or not; they Unanimously agreed that it was rash and dubious , being entirely new, not in the least vouched or recommended….”
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Courant Controversy Mr. Franklin, I Had Thoughts of taking your Courant (upon Tryal) for a Quarter of a Year; but I shall not now. In one of your Courants you have said that if the Ministers of God are for a Thing, it is a Sign it is from the Devil , and have dealt very falsely about the London Mercury
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Colonialeditors - Colonial Editors The Roots of Community...

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