01-25-10 - population . Availability heuristic- off the top...

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Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding 1/e Chapter 2 .
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Lecture Preview What is good research design? Explore the scientific method Discuss the ethics of experimentation Review statistics Peer review
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Why should we use research design? Well designed studies: Provide safeguards that protect against __ ______. Allow us to be ______.
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Heuristics Heuristics mental shortcuts or rules of thumb Reduce the cognitive energy required to solve problems. Can cause us to oversimplify reality. Types: Representativeness,
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Common Heuristics Representativeness heuristic - “like goes with like” When are we vulnerable? How can we become less vulnerable? Consider Base rate how common a characteristic or behavior in the general
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Unformatted text preview: population . Availability heuristic- off the top of my Cognitive Biases Hindsight bias (I knew it all along) - tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes Overconfidence- tendency to over estiamte our ability to make correct predictions Scientific Method: A Toolbox of Skills Allows us to test specific hypothesises derived from broader theories . Theories are never proven , hypotheses can only be confirmed or disconfirmed Naturalistic Observation- watching behavior in real world settings . Advantage: High external validity Findings can be generalized to real world ....
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01-25-10 - population . Availability heuristic- off the top...

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