01-27-10 - Scientific Method: A Toolbox of Skills Allows us...

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Scientific Method: A Toolbox of Skills Allows us to test specific hypothesis derived from broader theories. Theories are never proven,” hypotheses can only be confirmed or disconfirmed Naturalistic Observation - watching behavior in real world settings. Advantage: High external validity Findings can be generalized to real world.
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Scientific Method Case study designs Advantages: allow study of rare or unusual phenomena, provide existence/proof. Disadvantages: can be misleading and anecdotal. Correlational designs – study relationships between variables Correlation can range from -1 to +1. 0 means no relationship To determine strength of correlation – take abs value, then compare numbers. Disadvantages: Can only show that things are related or
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occurs when we perceive a relationship that isn’t there A) Full moon + crime B) Full moon + no crime C) No full moon + crime D) No full moon + no crime Yes No Yes No Did a crime occur? Did a full moon occur?
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01-27-10 - Scientific Method: A Toolbox of Skills Allows us...

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