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Test 2 Study Guide

Test 2 Study Guide - PSYC 359 Test 2 Study Guide CHAPTER 3...

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PSYC 359 – Test 2 Study Guide CHAPTER 3 1. Differentiate between direct and indirect rewards. 2. Give evidence for and exceptions to the principles of proximity and familiarity in attraction. Explain one reason why proximity may foster liking. 3. Discuss physical attractiveness including (a) the proposition that “what is beautiful is good,” (b) the factors that lead us to judge others as attractive, (c) an evolutionary perspective on attractiveness, (d) how attractiveness influences liking, (e) for whom physical attractiveness is more and less important, (f) the beneficial versus detrimental effects physical attractiveness has when we are interacting with others, and (g) matching. 4. Understand the impact facial and body symmetry can have on our assessments of attractiveness. 5. Know about the phenomenon of reciprocity in liking and relate the desirability formula to reciprocity as well as the matching principle. 6. Identify the domains in which we are attracted to people similar to ourselves. 7. Elaborate on three subtleties in the way similarity operates that may mislead people into thinking that “opposites attract.” 8. Discuss the issue of whether similarity fosters liking or dissimilarity fosters disliking. 9. Explain the concept of complementarity and identify one specific form of complementarity that may foster attraction. 10. Identify reasons why similar people are attracted to one another. 11. Discuss two lines of research that show barriers can enhance our attraction to possible or actual partners and that indicate how the theory of reactance helps understand this phenomenon. CHAPTER 4 1. Discuss why first impressions often are automatic and influenced by demographic or stereotypic cues, and resistant to change.
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2. Discuss the role confirmation bias plays in establishing new relationships and perpetuating initial assessments of existing relationships. Explain how confirmation bias contributes to making our assessments of our relationships less accurate than selected outsiders?
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Test 2 Study Guide - PSYC 359 Test 2 Study Guide CHAPTER 3...

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