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Ch8post - Chapter 8: Introduction to Hypothesis Testing...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 8: Introduction to Hypothesis Testing Monday, September 26, 2011 Inferential Tests: The z-test and the one-sample t-test Allow you to make probability statements about whether a sample of scores has a certain population mean. Examples: Can people accurately estimate the passage of time? Are perceptions of risk accurate? Do single mothers earn similar salaries to all adults? Monday, September 26, 2011 Calculating test statistics A test statistic is a value you compute from descriptive statistics e.g., mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, N X - z = X X - t = s X The z-test The one sample t-test Monday, September 26, 2011 Test statistics are compared to Critical Values the computed z-test statistic is called z observed or z obs z crit is found in Table C.1 the computed t-test statistic is called t observed or t obs t crit is found in Table C.2 Monday, September 26, 2011 Do single mothers salaries (your sample) differ from the average American adult salary (the population in question)? DV = annual gross income Descriptive statistics for the sample and population: Single mothers (X = 32000, s = 6500, N=200) All U.S. Adults ( = 34000, = 6100) Example #1 Monday, September 26, 2011 Five Steps in Hypothesis Testing *Before beginning, read the problem and select a test statistic (1) Formulate statistical hypotheses (2) Locate the rejection region(s) in the sampling distribution of...
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course SLL 330 taught by Professor Damare during the Spring '10 term at USC.

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Ch8post - Chapter 8: Introduction to Hypothesis Testing...

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