This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: 215-222
Applications of the Rogerian Viewpoint:
• Humanistic therapies. Humanistic therapies deal with conscious (rather than
unconscious) thoughts and with present (rather than past) occurrences and are
conducted with goals of client growth and fulfillment.
• Person-centered therapy:
o Carl Rogers developed person-centered therapy and advocated a warm,
supportive environment ( unconditional positive regard) in which a person
feels completely accepted, can reveal true feelings, and can thus
experience self-growth (an increase in self-esteem).
o Rogers suggested that people grow up in a world in which there are
conditions of worth (that is, they learn that they will be rewarded only if
they meet certain conditions and standards imposed by others), a situation
that may result in low self-esteem. Rogers stressed the need for therapists
to use empathy, identification with their clients.
• Empathic understanding. A further element that establishes a climate for selfinitiated experiential learning is emphatic understanding.
o When the teacher has the ability to understand the student’s reactions from
the inside, has a sensitive awareness of the way the process of education
and learning seems to the student, then again the likelihood of significant
learning is increased…. [Students feel deeply appreciative] when they are
simply understood – not evaluated, not judged, simply understood from
their own point of view, not the teacher’s
Measuring the Personal World:
• The Q-Sort
o technique helps judge self-esteem and personal growth. It helps indicate
the individuals (poor) perceived self, and ideal-self.
o A person will rank the same set of statements under different conditions of
instruction. For example, someone might be given a set of statements
about personality traits and then asked to rank them according to how well
they describe herself, her ideal self, her father, her mother, etc. ...
View Full Document
This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 2400 at UVA.
- Fall '11
- Personality Psychology