2 - 215-222 Applications of the Rogerian Viewpoint: •...

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Unformatted text preview: 215-222 Applications of the Rogerian Viewpoint: • Humanistic therapies. Humanistic therapies deal with conscious (rather than unconscious) thoughts and with present (rather than past) occurrences and are conducted with goals of client growth and fulfillment. • Person-centered therapy: o Carl Rogers developed person-centered therapy and advocated a warm, supportive environment ( unconditional positive regard) in which a person feels completely accepted, can reveal true feelings, and can thus experience self-growth (an increase in self-esteem). o Rogers suggested that people grow up in a world in which there are conditions of worth (that is, they learn that they will be rewarded only if they meet certain conditions and standards imposed by others), a situation that may result in low self-esteem. Rogers stressed the need for therapists to use empathy, identification with their clients. • Empathic understanding. A further element that establishes a climate for selfinitiated experiential learning is emphatic understanding. o When the teacher has the ability to understand the student’s reactions from the inside, has a sensitive awareness of the way the process of education and learning seems to the student, then again the likelihood of significant learning is increased…. [Students feel deeply appreciative] when they are simply understood – not evaluated, not judged, simply understood from their own point of view, not the teacher’s Measuring the Personal World: • The Q-Sort o technique helps judge self-esteem and personal growth. It helps indicate the individuals (poor) perceived self, and ideal-self. o A person will rank the same set of statements under different conditions of instruction. For example, someone might be given a set of statements about personality traits and then asked to rank them according to how well they describe herself, her ideal self, her father, her mother, etc. ...
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 2400 at UVA.

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