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• Evaluating Eysenck’s viewpoint:
o Emphasis on empiricism: He had a strength on developing the scientific viewpoint of personality
psych from empirical data
o Eclectic thinking: His thinking style made him able to integrate a variety of areas of
knowledge within his viewpoint.
o Emphasis on just 3 dimensions of personality These factors are too few to describe underlying structure of personality
o Conerns about the nature of Eysenck’s dimensions of personality: Validity of extroversion-introversion research is questionable
• Cross situational consistency:
o the idea that people act the same way (consistent) in different situations. There is
an argument among psychologists about this idea. Most psychologists believe that people act in very consistent ways even in
very different situations. For example, if you are a shy person, you will act
in shy ways if you are at a party with a lot of people you don't know, and if
you are among your family at the holidays. Those are two very different
situations, yet you act the same way in both of them. Some psychologists
believe that it is surprising how differently people act in different
situations and that the situation we're in can strongly influence us. A
person who is typically shy, might actually act very extroverted among
family members. Milgram's research: he created a unique situation and you would think that
people who are typically very concerned about others or who consider
themselves to be very ethical would not shock other people. Yet, many,
many people do shock others in this situation.
• Personality coefficient:
o (r = .30)
o average relationship between self-report personality measures and behavior
o little consistency across situations (greater temporal consistency) ...
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 2400 at UVA.
- Fall '11
- Personality Psychology