8. Action and Culture


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Unformatted text preview: lementing the goal in narrowing her attention to the goal). 34 The transition from deliberative to implemental has a if­then structure (e.g.: if I can do x, then I’ll do y). Consciousness and Behavior The gap between conscious and behavior (which happens all the time) is bridged by the fact that consciousness may not have to initiate behavior. It merely intervenes to change its course. Only cultural animals can change behavior based on ideas (this rests on meaning). 35 Free Will Evolution is slow, while cultural changes are fast. Hence, instead of programming us for how to respond to every situation, nature had to give us the freedom to program and re­program ourselves. Nature has to give us free will. 36 Yet free will is rejected by many people as “bad science”. The rejection of free will comes partly from cultivating a restrictive definition. I.e. as the choice one can make independently of any external factor. 37 But, nature gave us what would be beneficial and adaptive. And what free the animal from the slavery to stimulus and responses would be a capacity to use meaningful thoughts and reasoning to act in a beneficial way. Rationality and freedom are linked (Searle). 38 Nature designed us to override the automatic responses we inherited from the animal. This is crucial for living in culture. 39 Determinism Df. everything that happens is the result of some cause(s) that preceded in time. Many cognitive scientists believe that the laws of physical causality are sufficient to explain all behavior. This can be...
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