8. Action and Culture

Thisiscrucialtoculturalanimalshumanscan

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Unformatted text preview: on to one own unrestraint craving. There is thus a difference between two kind of actions: one of them is more free than the other. Moral: free will is a useful and empirically testable idea. 44 Occasionally the conscious mind can override some responses and change the programming of the automatic system. This partial freeing may be one of the important functions of consciousness. This is highly adaptive and would increase the range of flexibility of human behavior. 45 Impulses & Restraints The brain has two systems for two different task: (i) the behavior activation system and (ii) the behavior inhibition system. (e.g. alcohol seems to operate on the second). Experiments on rats’ brain also prove they have the two systems. Thus nature separated activation from inhibition long before humans emerged. 46 If impulses (starting) and restraints (stopping) depends on different systems, then in principle factors can affect the one without affecting the other. In many cases, though, the two systems are competing. E.g.: alcohol inhibits the inhibitors but does not activate new impulses. It merely weakens the restraints so the desires al...
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