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Unformatted text preview: PHIL/MCOM/LALS 2504A Language and Communication
Department of Philosophy
1 Term: Meetings: meetings) Winter 2007 Tuesdays 2:355:25 (12 First Meeting: January 9 2007
Last Meeting: April 3 2007
NO class on March 6 2007
Instructor: Office: Office h.: Phone: Email: MC 5050
Paterson Hall 3A41
5202600 Ext: 2326
3 Essay Deadline: March 6 2007 Exam: exam period 4 Class Description
We shall begin by discussing some central topics of Frege’s philosophy of language. The main topics discussed will be: Frege’s sense/reference distinction, Frege’s theory of thought, Frege’s antipsychologism and Frege’s theory of demonstratives. To understand the importance of Frege’s contribution we will focus on Dummett’s interpretation.
5 We shall then discuss some central topics from Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations and the way they have been perceived within the philosophical community. 6 Finally, we shall look at the direct reference theory of proper names (Kripke, Donnellan, …) and the direct reference theory of indexicals (Kaplan, Perry, …). We shall pay particular attention to the notion of context and the way our linguistic interchange exploits it in order to single out objects of discourse. In so doing we shall see how direct reference deals with Frege’s and Wittgenstein’s conceptions of language.
It is mandatory to have a Carleton student “connect” account and to register on WebCT. 8 Assignments One short essay and a final (2 h.) exam Short Essay (1500 words maximum)
Weight: 30% Final exam (answer 2 questions out of 5 or 6)
9 Due Assignement Short Essay: March 6, 2007 Final exam: Exam Period (a 2 h. exam) 10 Texts Recommended In bold characters the texts you must read. The other texts mentioned are extremely helpful in understanding and appreciating the text you must read. 11 On Frege Beaney, M. (ed.), 1997, The Frege Reader, Blackwell, “On Sinn and Bedeutung” (p.15171) and “Thought” (p.325345) Dummett, M., 1973, Frege Philosophy of Language, Oxford UP, ch. 5, ch. 6, ch. 11
Dummett, M., 1981, The Interpretation of Frege’s Philosophy of Language, Oxford UP, ch. 6, ch. 10
12 Dummett, M., 1993, The Origins of Analytical Philosophy, Harvard UP, ch. 2, ch. 4, ch. 10, ch. 13
Perry, J., 1977, “Frege on Demonstratives”, in Perry, J., 1994, The Problem of the Essential Indexical, Oxford UP, ch. 1 13 On Wittgenstein Wittgenstein, L. Philosophical Investigations, Blackwell
Marie McGinn, 1997, Wittgenstein and the Philosophical Investigations, Routledge Backer, G.P. & Hacker, P.M.S, 1980, Wittgenstein: Meaning and Understanding Vol. 1, Blackwell
14 Backer, G.P. & Hacker, P.M.S, 1985, Wittgenstein: Rules, Grammar and Necessity Vol. 2, Blackwell
Hacker, P.M.S, 1990, Wittgenstein: Meaning and Mind Vol. 3, Blackwell 15 On Direct Reference Corazza, E., 2004, Reflecting the Mind, Oxford UP, Oxford
Kaplan, D., 1977, “Demonstratives”, in Almog, J. et als. (eds.), 1989, Themes From Kaplan, Oxford UP, pp. 481563 16 Kaplan, D, 1989, “Afterthought”, in Almog, J. et als. (eds.), 1989, Themes From Kaplan, Oxford UP, pp. 565614
Perry, J., 2001, Reference and Reflexivity, CSLI Publications, Stanford
Wettstein, H., 2004, The Magic Prism, Oxford UP, Oxford
17 Essay Topic You should write one essay of 1500 words (or 6 typewritten doublespaced pages) maximum on one of the following four questions:
1. Is the following inference valid?
(a) Mary believes that Hespherus is a star
(b) Hesperus is Phosphorus
(c) Mary believes that Phosphorus is a star
18 2. What’s the difference between Frege and Dummett’s Frege? 3. Explain and evaluate Frege’s anti
psychologism. 4. Discuss and evaluate Wittgenstein’s critique of the Augustinian picture.
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