8 Ostensive Definition, Indexicality, ...

18 character itcanberepresentedbyafunctionfromcontext

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: w” in terms of “the time at which this token is uttered”, “this table” in terms of “the table pointed by a gesture accompanying this token”, etc. 16 The content­character distinction Indexicals and referents; sentences and singular propositions The character of an indexical is its linguistic meaning while the content is the referent picked out in a given occasion of use. 17 The content of a sentence is the (singular) proposition expressed. The latter contains the object(s) referred to and the property(ies) expressed by the linguistic elements of the sentence. Singular propositions are structured entities reflecting the structure of the sentence expressing them. 18 Character It can be represented by a function from context to content, i.e. the character qua meaning takes as argument the context of utterance and gives as value the content Contextual parameters agent, time, place, possible world. They are technical notions. As we’ll see the agent may not be, pace Kaplan (1977), the speaker (e.g.: answering machines). 19 Pure indexicals vs. demonstratives The meaning of a demonstrative (“this”, “that”, ...), unlike the character of a pure indexical (“I”, “now”, “today”, “here”, …), is incomplete and must be completed b...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern