Lec3-Verb morphol

Lec3-Verb morphol - LALS 2005 1 Sept 28 2009 Types of...

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LALS 2005 1 Sept. 28, 2009 Types of Verbal Inflection tense, aspect, mood, voice, agreement, negation, reflexive, reciprocal a. Tense encodes the time of a situation with reference to the moment of speaking past, present, future types of tense systems o past, present, future o past, non-past o future, non-future Swahili: past, present, future Past ni-li-leta Present ni-na-leta I-past-bring I-pres-bring 'I brought' ‘I bring' Future ni-ta-leta I-fut-bring 'I will bring' Japanese: past, non-past Past tabe-ta ‘ate’ Non-past tabe-ru ‘eat’ or ‘will eat’ Dyirbal (Australia): future, non-future Future bani- 'will come' Nonfuture bani- u 'came, is coming' ChiBemba (Bantu) 'they worked/will work' remote past (before yesterday) ba-àlí -bomb-ele removed past (yesterday) ba-àlíí -bomba near past (earlier today) ba-àcí -bomba immediate past (just happened) ba-á -bomba remote future (after tomorrow) ba-ká -bomba removed future (tomorrow) ba-kà -bomba near future (later today) ba-léé -bomba immediate future (very soon) ba-áláá -bomba 1
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Lec3-Verb morphol - LALS 2005 1 Sept 28 2009 Types of...

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