{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lec5-Case - -ga subject Accusative-o direct object...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LALS 2005 Nov. 11, 2009 1 Case encodes information about the properties of a noun when it appears in a sentence (i) grammatical case : marks noun’s syntactic role as subject or object of the verb (ii) oblique case : marks noun’s semantic function Grammatical case subject: nominative case object: accusative case Japanese John-ga neta. John-nom slept ‘John slept.’ John-ga Mary-o mita. John-nom Mary-acc saw ‘John saw Mary.’ John-o Mary-ga mita. John-acc Mary-nom saw ‘Mary saw John.’ Oblique Case marks semantic role, not syntactic function found on indirect objects (not subject or direct object) Case Syntactic Role Semantic Role Nominative subject various Accusative direct object various Dative indirect object recipient Genitive indirect object possessor Locative indirect object location Ablative indirect object source Instrumental indirect object instrument
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LALS 2005 Nov. 11, 2009 2 Japanese Nominative
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: -ga subject Accusative-o direct object Dative-ni (to) recipient Genitive-no (‘s) possessor Locative-de (at, in) place, loc Ablative-kara (from) source Jon-ga Mary-ni hon-o ageta. John-nom Mary-dat book-acc gave ‘John gave a book to Mary.’ Turkish Adam-ø ev-i Ahmed-e goster-di man-Nom house-Acc Ahmed-Dat show-past 'the man showed the house to Ahmed' Ev-in rengi-ø mavidir house-Gen colour-Nom blue 'the house's colour is blue' Adam-ø ev-den cikti man-Nom house-Abl went 'the man went from the house' English • case on nouns not visible • word order (SVO) provides information on syntactic function • case is reflected morphologically in pronouns He saw me. He came. I saw him . Nom Acc Gen 1sg I me my 2s you you your 3s.m he him his 3s.f she her her 1p we us our 2p you you your 3p they them their...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 2

Lec5-Case - -ga subject Accusative-o direct object...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online