Lec5-Case - -ga subject Accusative-o direct object...

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LALS 2005 Nov. 11, 2009 1 Case encodes information about the properties of a noun when it appears in a sentence (i) grammatical case : marks noun’s syntactic role as subject or object of the verb (ii) oblique case : marks noun’s semantic function Grammatical case subject: nominative case object: accusative case Japanese John-ga neta. John-nom slept ‘John slept.’ John-ga Mary-o mita. John-nom Mary-acc saw ‘John saw Mary.’ John-o Mary-ga mita. John-acc Mary-nom saw ‘Mary saw John.’ Oblique Case marks semantic role, not syntactic function found on indirect objects (not subject or direct object) Case Syntactic Role Semantic Role Nominative subject various Accusative direct object various Dative indirect object recipient Genitive indirect object possessor Locative indirect object location Ablative indirect object source Instrumental indirect object instrument
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LALS 2005 Nov. 11, 2009 2 Japanese Nominative
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Unformatted text preview: -ga subject Accusative-o direct object Dative-ni (to) recipient Genitive-no (s) possessor Locative-de (at, in) place, loc Ablative-kara (from) source Jon-ga Mary-ni hon-o ageta. John-nom Mary-dat book-acc gave John gave a book to Mary. Turkish Adam- ev-i Ahmed-e goster-di man-Nom house-Acc Ahmed-Dat show-past 'the man showed the house to Ahmed' Ev-in rengi- mavidir house-Gen colour-Nom blue 'the house's colour is blue' Adam- ev-den cikti man-Nom house-Abl went 'the man went from the house' English case on nouns not visible word order (SVO) provides information on syntactic function case is reflected morphologically in pronouns He saw me. He came. I saw him . Nom Acc Gen 1sg I me my 2s you you your 3s.m he him his 3s.f she her her 1p we us our 2p you you your 3p they them their...
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course LALS 2005 at Carleton CA.

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Lec5-Case - -ga subject Accusative-o direct object...

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